Urban developers constructing a hollow future for Albury’s wildlife


Since July 2015, Albury Conservation Company has been conducting ground-based surveys and mapping of hollow-bearing trees (HBTs) throughout Thurgoona/ Wirlinga. The project has been funded by the NSW Government’s Environmental Trust. We recently clocked up 500 hollow-bearing trees located and mapped across Thurgoona / Wirlinga as part of the project. This is additional to 135 hollow bearing trees mapped at Charles Sturt University and Thurgoona Country Club Resort in 2012 and 2013, activities initiated and funded by Albury Conservation Company.

The infographic below provides a summary of some of the project findings so far.

Infographic - Hollow bearing tree project, Albury Conservation Company (7th September 2017)

Infographic – Hollow bearing tree project, Albury Conservation Company (7th September 2017)

Map of Hollow-bearing Trees across Thurgoona Wirlinga, located and mapped by Albury Conservation Company (March 2017)

Map of Hollow-bearing Trees across Thurgoona Wirlinga, located and mapped by Albury Conservation Company (March 2017)

Map of Hollow-bearing Trees in Thurgoona (Precinct C - Thurgoona Threatened Species Conservation Strategy) March 2017

Map of Hollow-bearing Trees in Thurgoona (Precinct C – Thurgoona Threatened Species Conservation Strategy) March 2017


  • 500 Hollow-bearing trees (HBTs) have been located and mapped across Thurgoona/ Wirlinga, by Albury Conservation Company and supported by NSW Department of Industry – Lands. Information has been captured using ground-based surveys with binoculars, and relates to species, number of hollows, diameter at breast height (DBH), and noting whether the tree is alive or dead. Many have also been photographed as a visual record.
  • A Hollow-bearing tree (HBT) mapping overlay has been created by Albury City Council using the data provided by Albury Conservation Company. The overlay, on Council’s weave mapping software, is available for easy reference by Council’s Environment and Planning staff.
  • The following locations have been mapped: 
  • Bell’s Travelling Stock Reserve (30 hectares to date – northern section)
  • Table Top Rd (Riverina Hwy to Kywanna Rd)
  • Williams Rd
  • Wignell Rd
  • Thurgoona Drive (east of Table Top Rd)
  • Kerr’s Rd
  • Hawksview Rd
  • Knobel Rd
  • Ettamogah Rd (between Table Top Rd and Elizabeth Mitchell Drive)
  • Forest Drive
  • Pickworth St
  • Riverina Hwy (between Table Top Rd and Kerr’s Rd
  • Private property at Riverina Hwy/Table Top Rd
  • Corry’s Rd (west of Elizabeth Mitchell Drive)
  • Elizabeth Mitchell Drive (south of Thurgoona Drive)
  • Woolshed Creek
  • Eight Mile Creek
  • Corry’s woodland
  • Thurgoona / Wirlinga has a drastic shortage of hollow-bearing trees. In relatively undisturbed woodland, the expected number of HBTs per hectare is between 7 and 17. [1] Albury Conservation Company has found that the highest density in Thurgoona / Wirlinga is 3.5 HBTs per hectare, which was found in Bell’s TSR and a small section of Corry’s Woodland. This is unsurprising given that Bell’s TSR is the only E2 (Environmental Protection) zoned land in the study area. Woolshed Creek and Eight Mile Creek, between Table Top Rd and Kerr Rd, contain on average just under 2 HBT’s per hectare.
  • The study highlights the importance of retaining as many of the remaining hollow-bearing trees that we can, and that includes hollow-bearing trees found on land zoned for residential and commercial development.

[1] http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/determinations/lossofhollowtreesktp.htm


In July 2015, Albury Conservation Company (ACC) commenced an exciting and innovative project focussing on hollow-bearing trees, arguably the most important natural asset in the Thurgoona / Wirlinga landscape.

ACC gratefully received $54,560 from the NSW Government’s Environmental Trust (Education Stream) to deliver the two-year project.

The project, entitled Urban Developers constructing a hollow future for Albury’s wildlife, aims to increase retention of hollow-bearing trees (HBTs) in Thurgoona/Wirlinga through collaboration with key stakeholders involved in the urban development process, including Albury City Council.

The project will achieve its aims through implementing the following activities:

  1. Survey and Map HBTs in Thurgoona/Wirlinga in partnership with key stakeholders and community groups
  2. Establish a HBT Working Group involving key development stakeholders (e.g. Albury City Council) to exchange information regarding HBT distribution, conservation values, threats, and opportunities to increase retention rates
  3. Conduct training events for working group members to exchange information and promote increased protection of HBTs
  4. Host a pilot Awards Program recognising local best practice in HBT retention

What is the need for the project?

Naturally occurring tree hollows are vital for the survival of many wildlife species, providing homes for 1 in 4 native vertebrate animals. In NSW alone, species reliant on tree hollows for shelter and nests include at least 46 mammals, 81 birds, 31 reptiles and 16 frogs (Gibbons and Lindenmayer 1997, Gibbons and Lindenmayer 2002). Of these, 40 species are listed as threatened under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation (TSC) Act 1995. Loss of hollow-bearing trees is listed as one of the 36 key threatening processes under the TSC Act.

In Thurgoona / Wirlinga hollows are a valuable habitat resource for Squirrel Gliders, woodland birds, bats, reptiles, and other fauna. Currently there is minimal documentation regarding their distribution, attributes, and utilisation by fauna. Recording and monitoring hollowing-bearing trees will be an important first step in helping to conserve this valuable resource and to improve biodiversity management in surrounding areas.

Tree hollows take a very long time to develop. Sadly, they can be taken from a landscape in an afternoon. Eucalypts, or ‘gum trees’, are the main source of hollows in Australia, as is the case in Thurgoona / Wirlinga. Hollow formation in Eucalypts generally take 120-180 years to produce hollows of sufficient size to house mammals (Gibbons & Lindenmayer, 2002), such as the threatened Squirrel Glider.

The protection of hollow-bearing trees in the Thurgoona / Wirlinga area will be essential if the community is to ensure that we maintain viable populations of many local threatened species, including the Squirrel Glider, well into the future.


Trees are being assessed from the ground using binoculars, and the following information is being collected:

  • GPS co-ordinates
  • elevation
  • tree species
  • number of hollows
  • diameter at breast height (1.3 m above ground)
  • whether the tree is alive or dead
  • presence of European bees
  • photo of tree

The tree is walked around and observed from as many angles as possible. A tree is recorded as bearing hollows only if an actual hole is observed. Potential hollows facing upwards are not recorded. Each tree generally takes 10 minutes to observe and capture data.

Where to from here?

2017 will involve more mapping, running of training workshops for interested groups, and the establishment of a Hollow-bearing Tree Working Group, where information collected as part of the project will be shared with key stakeholders, with the aim of helping to better understand HBT distribution and abundance at a landscape-scale, and ultimately inform decision making processes relating to their conservation locally.

The project is due for completion at the end of January 2018.

For more information click here or contact the Albury Conservation Company via:

email: info@alburyconservationco.org.au

phone: 0447 183 747

NSW State govt_ETlogo